It is the
electron microscope and all the apparatus invented since its discovery
that have revolutionised our view of the world and brought us into
contact with regions of experience, belonging formerly only to men of
we search ever deeper into the sub-atomic depths of matter and observe
the passing tracks of fleeting entities, the bursts and showers and
spirals of the spectra, we can glimpse many phenomena in dimensions
even further back. The structure of this same matter dissolves into
more and more nebulous and mathematically imaginary formulae - many
expressions of which we scarcely have time to register before they are
gone from us. These entities, appearing, passing and disappearing
almost instantaneously, suggest new ways of evaluating their activities.
we peer in, we seem to meet energy bursting out from a mysterious world
behind and beyond our own. There seems no clear-cut boundary between
what we call the physical world - "what is” - and the non-physical or
- "what is not". What is not, in fact, simply exists on a higher level
of frequency or octave, which we cannot touch, see, hear or smell with
our physical senses, because its higher level of frequency is cut off
from ours by spiral action.
microscope has simply extended our range of vision into areas formerly
closed to us - but which was always there, beyond our sensory
knowledge. (see Fig.5 Ch.2) The table of frequencies and their
wavelengths, called the spectrum, found in every physics textbook,
represents the whole range of frequency known to us at present. Among
all these, our own atoms vibrate in the waveband of light, which is a
tiny fraction of the whole range.
as we see from harmonics, it is not separated from all the others - but
partially cut off from them by their spiral action and the constraints
of the Mathematics resonance factors. Although the different bands are
usually called levels or cycles, they can just as easily be called
octaves and, by their numbers, we can find out how many octaves there
are. I am not aware if anyone has yet done this set of calculations in
an octave context.
is so odd is that, in science, we now seem to know so much more about
the spectrum and its infinite ranges of cosmic rays and other spectra
at up to 1022 kilohertz in frequency, and 10-17 in wavelengths.
Sub-atomic particle research compels us to return to a consideration
of them. Now, with the aid of the comma and the spiral action of
vibration, we can understand how everything fits in.
question of levels was discussed by Lord Dowding who was Supreme
Commander of the Royal Air Force and who masterminded the Battle of
Britain in 1940. In his book “Many Mansions”, he has tried to show, in
a simplified way, how the different levels interlock in both cosmic and
says: "I want you to think of the Earth as the centre of a series of
hollow spheres, each one bigger than the last. The first corresponds
almost exactly to the earth's surface in location though not in
substance and the number of spheres in outward order is infinite, so
far as our knowledge goes. Each sphere represents a different state of
development a little in advance of the one before and ... progress is
outward and upward and onward .... once the restrictions of the earth
have been left behind ... Now don't think of these spheres in too
materialistic a way; they are real and solid enough ... but they are
quite invisible to us and cannot be perceived by any of our senses.”
He continues: "This is a hard saying, because we can see the sun and,
beyond it, the stars and we say that there can be nothing between us
and them. But, in that, we are wrong ...” and this can be confirmed
in that there are layers at various heights above the earth which
reflect wireless waves ... it was through research into these that
radar was discovered.
notes the 21 Circles "which separate us from the metaphysical Sun", the
central Eye, "that sees everything". These Circles, he says, "we shall
have to cross before being reabsorbed into all knowledge.” (It is
probable that Danielou became a Buddhist, which may explain his
terminology.) And the "central Eye” evokes in our minds the God of
Genesis who "saw everything that He had made” - "and saw that it was
very good”. The world that He had created was perfect. It was meant
to function. Danielou equates these 21 circles with the 22 (21) notes
of the Hindu octave which also echoes the 22:7 ratio of the diameter of
a circle to its circumference which, Danielou makes clear, are both
aspects of octave theory.
years ago, Dowding notes, chemists thought the atom was a solid, hard
substance. But we now know it to be a tiny solar system of particles
of positive and negative electricity "in ceaseless motion - and, when
you ask them what electricity is, they cannot tell you.” This is
written in 1945. "So our matter,” he continues, "for all it looks so
solid, is nothing but ..countless billions of electrical particles in
ceaseless and violent agitation in tiny orbits. It looks solid because
it obstructs the passage of that particular band of etheric waves which
effect our optic nerves and which we call light. And it feels solid
because the bouncing particles of matter repel the bouncing particles
in our hands and in the soles of our feet. If our optic nerves had
been constructed to react to X-ray wave-lengths and not to what we call
light, we should be able to see through matter suitably illuminated -
but we could not see the sun. And, if our bodies had been built up of
particles having X-ray wave-length, we could pass through matter
because the bouncing particles of matter would not resist those of our
new and different bodies ... “ But we are not made of X-ray
wave-lengths - so we cannot visualise the finer elements at faster
frequencies. It is well known, however, that many animals do indeed
have totally different faculties from ours, which enables them to
operate in media suitable for them - but not for us. It may be rather
humbling for us, having built up a picture of ourselves as superior
beings, to have to admit that many species are far better adapted than
we are and that they can survive in circumstances and conditions too
harsh for us.
Every species reacts to environmental stimuli in different ways, appropriate for their lifestyle.
eyes react to wavebands that allow us to perceive the impressions we
need for performing our human activities in daylight. The bee sees
ultra-violet light so that it can find its way, even when the sun is
not shining. The owl and the bat can see in what is darkness to us -
but what is as “daylight” to them. They are blinded in our daylight.
All creatures are adapted to pick up the signals from their
surroundings that are important to them for their particular lifestyle.
Unnecessary signals are blotted out.
a “Horizon” television programme, on 6th January 1978, called “Living
Machines”, it was stated that "for fruit-flies flying through the air,
it will be like swimming in a viscous liquid.
is what atoms in the air must look like to them. We (humans) are not
aware of the atoms' existence ... To single-celled creatures like
Paramecium, it must be like a treacle through which they swim.” (I do
not know how scientists can make such a deduction - not being
Paramecium themselves! The assumption must be that their faculties are
similar to ours. But fruit-flies do not look as if they are swimming
and, surely, if they were, they would appear to do so.) However, the
inference has some substance, for it is trying to show (which it does
not) that there are different ranges of biological organisation and
different reactions to stimuli within the vast hierarchies of energies,
and according to allotted roles. The elephant looks to be more deeply
embedded in matter than, say, the hummingbird or the dragonfly. The
latter are barely with us - a flash, a whirr, airborne, and not much
else - they can perform in a much rarer medium where we cannot emulate
them. Human and elephant feet must keep contact with the ground. The
almost weightlessness of a tiny bird, held in the hand, may imply some
quite other elements inter-mingled in its makeup from those we know in
chemistry - even though some of those are also present. The elephant's
atoms may be of a much denser composition by comparison. The
difference, if it is there, is not apparent to the chemist. There are
infinite ranges of frequency over many octaves, all resonating to a
certain degree with those near to above and below them. Nothing exists
in only one octave. All impinge upon one another. The "circles” of
the philosophers obviously refer to those octave levels which are
common to all religious literature and which are the basis of all
has really only been in recent times, within the past 200 years, that
the knowledge of them has been discounted - and virtually discarded.
of the best-known exponents of “models of Creation”- explained by the
structure of the Universe- among English alchemists was Robert Fludd,
in the seventeenth century. He described, with the help of a number of
very meticulous drawings and diagrams, his detailed visions in dreams
of the structure of the universe. Among many aspects of cosmic theory
explained, he postulated what he named the "Ptolemaic Universe I, II
and III”, in which he described 22 various circles in groups of 3.
work is summarised by Jocelyn Godwin in a Thames & Hudson
publication simply called "Robert Fludd". Although only an outline of
a life's work, the book contains a wealth of data, reflecting the way
Fludd saw the cosmos.
22 circles of the first universe start at the centre, with the Earth as
number 22, surrounded by, in order: Water - 21; air - 20; fire - 19.
Next comes Luna - 18, the moon; then all the planets to Saturn - 17 to
12; next the Caelum stellatum - presumably, the constellations or
heavenly bodies, the stars - 11; then Angeli - 10; Archangeli - 9;
Virtutes (Virtues) - 8; Principalities - 7; Potestates (Powers) - 6;
Thrones - 5; Denominations - 4; Cherubim - 3; Seraphim - 2; and finally
Mens -1, which Fludd calls the Cosmic or World Mind. This is Ptolemaic
Universe I. From "the infinite Light of God, a Spirit descends to the
uttermost depths of matter". The Infinite or Absolute creates, by
limiting its own infinity” ... by a process with many names -
Simplex, Starting Point, Source of Essence, Being of Beings, Nature
producing Nature, etc. The Cosmic mind is "open, on the one hand to
the Absolute” and, on the other, entering the constricting vortex that
is Creation. (Matter.) Studying Fludd's diagram, we see that each
element in the 22 circles is placed spirally from the centre, making
two complete revolutions, as in Kayser's Tone Spiral. (I call them
elements, for want of a better term.) Kayser's Tone Spiral complements
this view (see Fig.2 Ch.2). Whether circle, spiral or whatever,
however, both are expressions of one principle, the octave of sevenfold
development. We tend to view our "energetic” world in too few
dimensions, partly because we depict our ideas about it on a flat
surface - on paper, by which means we try to visualise what are, in
fact, activities in volume and in space/time. Kayser's diagram of
harmonics, radiating out from a centre, looks like a half-open fan. In
reality, they spread out in all directions like a dandelion puff, with
spiral tendencies which are also four-dimensional.
It is an endless sequence of
spirals whirling around in enormously different degrees of magnitude,
from the almost invisibly minute, to the swirling galaxies, and spirals
within greater spirals like the waves on the swell and the swell on the
ocean. At the same time, all "levels” of octaves interpenetrate each
Universe II was a vision of "instant creation” but there are still
three divisions and the terrestrial globe appears, as if at the dawn of
Adam and Eve are visible in the Garden of Eden, and are already
conversing with the Serpent. (UCH, 1.a, p.9.) The Serpent, presumably,
was not a good influence. Fludd's Ptolemaic Universe I and
II compare with Stirling's figure of the Cosmos (“The Canon”, p.28).
Stirling's figure is also divided into three main divisions - i.e.
the three circles of the Empyreum, then the sphere of the fixed stars
and the seven planets and, thirdly, the sublunary or elemental world
(whose detailed content he does not specify). But the Ptolemaic
Universe I is also divided into three - from 2 to 10, the nine orders
of angelic beings; 11 to 18, the fixed stars and planets; and 19 to 22
the sublimary or material sphere of matter, fire, air, water, earth.
The second Ptolemaic universe has the same grouping into three as the
Universe III is "the mirror of the whole of Nature and Image of Art".
Besides repeating the "levels” of the others, it shows the levels of
animal, vegetable and mineral life in various categories. Fludd
suggests that Nature has a "helper” who, imitating her, produces
things similar to hers. We call it Art. Fludd categorises the Arts
as: - 1: “The Liberal Arts” - those practised by Man and known to us
as Culture; 2: "Art supplanting Nature” - the use we make of natural
processes, such as keeping bees for honey (apiculture), silkworms,
medicine (the use of herbs etc), egg production or milking cows. (My
additions.) 3: “Art assisting Nature” - the cultivation of vegetables,
fruit, tree-grafting and other methods of growing food in ways that
Nature does not do herself.
“Art correcting Nature” - the use of distillation, to change a product
into something we prefer, and with keeping ability (jam or wine making
etc); and processes undertaken by "alembic and retort” which must mean
goes on at great length into the structure of the universe and natural
things in a manner far too long to summarise. He sees things as
spiral, cyclic and musical and gives many examples of the ratios
involved. He is in no doubt as to the importance of music in the
scheme, and of the octave nature of the levels. The whole idea of
octaves of very high frequency numbers, emanating from the Absolute
down to the slower frequencies of the Sentient World, can only be
satisfactorily grasped by our twentieth-century minds when we remember
the cycle of fifths through which it can be rationally explained.
Pythagorean Tetrad (Godwin, p.31) is "another model of Creation” in
Pythagorean number philosophy handed down in Plato's Timaeus. "The
Monad generates the Dyad; and the Triad and the Tetrad follow, the
arithmetical progression continuing indefinitely” as in the spiral of
fifths and at the same time as harmonics, radiating outwards. In
Fludd's pictures (Godwin, p.24. nos. 5-10) the complete darkness
precedes the Monad, the first created Light, the Dyad is the Polarity
of Light and darkness with which the "Humid Spirit” makes a third.
polarisation of the four elements concludes the Foundation of the
World, bringing the number of "principles” to 10. Fludd borrowed this
mathematical philosophy from Francesco Giorgio, whose “De Harmonia
Mundi” (1525) also supplied him with his ideas of the musical
proportions as a universal schema.
diagram of the Pyramid of form and matter leads directly through
proportion to the Music of the Spheres, followed by the Divine
Monochord. He gives all the string-lengths, which agree with
Stirling's architectural measures. The final figures are the Monochord
with its cosmic octave notation and the Nox Microcosmica - the
"Diapason Closing Full in Man".
p.45 - 47.) The early Christian writer Origen also, according to
Stirling, in his book of “Refutation Against Celsus” (Book IV, Chapt.
23), describes "the cosmic ladder of the Mithraic mysteries” - but
there is not sufficient data to pursue these references. Mithraism was
an early Christian/Roman "heresy” that was eventually ousted. One of
its "temples” still survives in the catacombs below the Church of St
Clemente in Rome. This church is now famous for the greatest of the
wall paintings of Massaccio and many beautiful mosaics. But, if we
descend to a level below the crypt, where water courses flow that
connect with the sewers of Rome, we find a chamber with the Mithraic
altar still in place. We have not, for a very long time, known much
about them. They are being researched again today.
also, Stirling suggests, held the belief that "there was a harmonic
arrangement of the Stars". And opinion is now changing about them.
Fig. 2a Chapter 8- The Man's Constitution and the World's Constitution. (Part 1)
Fig. 2b Chapter 8- The Man's Constitution and the World's Constitution. (Part 2)
Man's Constitution, Godwin (“Robert Fludd”, p.37) affirms that
"everything begins in the darkness of potentiality and emerges into
Light” - which sounds like gestation and birth.
again” at death "to the darkness” (or what is dark to us, from this
side, but may not be dark when we get there, with new and different
eyes). The starting point on (such) circles of development is at the
bottom of Fludd's diagram, "and their progress is clockwise ...
begins, from the nothingness of potentiality, to the act of generation
and the origin of life". The circles of this diagram show the
archetypes as expressed by the Hebrew letters.
is Absolute Father, shrouded in darkness (to us) which manifests
through the Sun and Spirit. For each step in the Caballa - Aleph, Yod,
Mem, Shin, Vau - is assigned a certain element of substance in
Creation, right down to matter. The impression is given of a tapestry
of interweaving principles (or powers?) like the stitches of a pattern,
which eventually reduce to the manifested world.
round off Fludd's cosmic constructions, we find the Trinity and
Generation of the four elements in a section on sacred numbers. Fludd
states that "Unity is the Starting Point” - the Absolute, presumably.
"Duality is the first born, the mean between Unity and Trinity. From
the Dyad (Dual) proceeds the Third (from the Octave, the fifth), the
Holy Spirit which is one in essence with the Father and the Son, and,
in turn, binds them together. (We could also call it (them) positive,
negative and neutral.) Everywhere we find Triads expressed in terms of
principles. But they are also God, the Father, Son and Spirit of the
Christians - for Fludd was a Christian.
Chapter 2, on the Caballa, Godwin gives an interesting interpretation
of the meaning of the Hebrew Tetragrammaton which, initially, recalls
the Tetragrammaton of the Microcosm.(The Greek one is different).
says that the world is an image of God, and Moses (also says) that Man,
too, is made after God's example.” (Note - example, which is not quite
the same as image. Likeness, which is often used and interpreted as
image, could also mean resembling but not exactly the same.) The
message could really be interpreted thus: "Do not strive to be an
imitation of Me, which you could never be, but try to do as I do.” To
be like me, and that is, one would think, obey God's commands or some
such meaning - to follow His directives and to love your neighbour.
All Caballists refer to lower realms and archetypal ones.
beyond all, is the letter Yod from which all proceeds and which
conceals within itself the whole Name. It is too long and complex to
quote. The Psalmist says that God places His Tabernacle in the Sun,
and this we may interpret as follows: God forms, around the Sun, the
ethereal world (Vau), dividing the Empyreum from the lower (He). "He
divided the Waters from the Waters with the firmament between them ...
and the firmament He called Heaven.” The puzzlement caused today by
this description in Genesis, as to its position in relation to the
Waters, can be partly relieved by Glazewski and Danielou. Glazewski
notes how Michael Watson found the space between atoms to be filled
with "the fourth state of Water” and that it is like the ether, which
is everywhere. The firmament is a different state of water - not as
H2O. It will be discussed again, later on in this Chapter.
In octave levels, one "state” is divided from another by vibratory laws, as in the spiral of fifths.
Dowding notes, in “Many Mansions”, the series of cosmic spheres, "like
the skins of an onion,” surrounding the earth - but, in fact, they
interpenetrate with it. The electron microscope has opened up for us
a part - albeit, as yet, a small part - of this vibratory ocean of
experience in which we dwell. It offers us a close-space, clearer view
of what goes on and, without spectroscopy revealing the pre-physical
world of pattern and order behind the phenomena, we could all too
easily remain stuck in materialism and unbelief - and to continue to
call all extrasensory experience "superstition". Today, we can witness
the spiralling tracks in bubble-chambers and the pre-physical activity
and the ordered patterns of spectra. Through spectroscopy, our whole
conception of the material world as a conglomeration of chemical
reactions only - somehow managing to shake themselves into ordered
forms of chickens and tulips, potatoes and seagulls, black faces or
yellow, greentailed peacocks or blue, oaks or hawthorn or seaweed -
becomes the absurdity that it is. It could never repeat an experiment,
never organise forms. The scientists who still advocate it can no
longer sustain this argument. The world is moving on.
science is, in fact, being inexorably moved in the direction of the
philosophers. An article in “Scientific American” of July 1980, and
called "Fifty to One Hundred Years Ago", seeks to define the meaning of
"levels", even within matter. "It is curious that, while from the
unscientific view, the unpardonable fault of modern science is its
materialistic tendency, the actual drift of scientific thought is (in
fact) towards eliminating from (its) ideas on matter everything that
answers to the popular notion of it ...” Scientists are now seeking
beyond materialism to the realms of the non-physical and are now ready
to admit their existence.
Crookes claims to have demonstrated an ultra-gaseous state of matter,
as unlike the other three recognised states of matter as they are
unlike one another. The fourth state obtains when the gas has been so
rarefied that the collisions of molecules are few compared with the
misses. "If we follow in our imagination the free molecules of flight
they lose all known properties of matter and become as if they did not
exist. For what is one single gas molecule in space? Is it a solid, a
liquid or a gas? Solid it cannot be because the idea of solidity
involves certain properties absent in the isolated molecule. And if
the individual is not solid, a fortiori, it cannot be a liquid or a gas
... What we call matter is nothing more than the effect on our senses
of the movements of the molecules. From this point of view, matter is
but a mode of motion.” The motion is vibration and its effects on any
other vibration vary according to frequency, the different octave
levels and resonance phenomena. All the lower levels of manifestation
exist, according to Glazewski, surrounded by what he calls "L” and "T”
fields, which letters he designates to what he calls "primary fields".
L fields for Life and T fields for Thought. He has discussed the
problem of the transmission of thoughts and also feels that it would be
impossible for atoms to adhere together to form molecules - in, say, a
finger - unless there were some "organising field” behind or before
the atoms that could hold them to their form.
organising field” he says, "is being studied intensively in many
universities, though little has been said about it yet.” This was
written in the 1940s.
produces radiation, he says, as matter also does. "This radiation is
the function of biological metabolism and carries with it, as any
radiation does, the whole information about any biological changes.
These changes are, in turn, the result of emotions and (in humans)
thoughts.” The conclusion is that signals are emitted that describe
these changes and can affect the thoughts in their turn, a
chicken-and-egg situation. The problem lies in our ability or
otherwise to interpret specific warning signals - which there always
are, but time and again we do not hear them.
L field was investigated by Professor Burr at Yale University and his
published work on it, “Blueprint for Immortality”, is now well known.
Behind the L and T fields, says Glazewski, must lie, even further
back, an "organising field” which may be the "soul” of the
Christians. Whether behind or before, it must be on a higher octave
and therefore it controls the L and T fields, as the higher always
controls the lower. It is also perhaps comparable to the archetypes of
Jung. T C Lethbridge in his researches with the pendulum also speaks
of L and T fields. I do not know if he had ever met or had heard of
we think of all those different layers or octaves that impinge one upon
the other through resonance, a great many tenets of ancient faiths can
be better understood. Thus, there are said to be "five states of
water” (Glazewski), researched by the English scientist Michael Watson
and described by D Milner and E Smart in “The Loom of Creation”
(1975). "Water is ice as solid, gas as vapour and water as liquid”
and then there are two other states of water at least, if not more,
which are invisible to ourselves.
discovered that what he called "the vast atomic void” - the spaces
between the atoms - as being filled with the fourth state of water
which follows on the state of vapour (steam). It is believed to be the
Hindu Prana and the Jewish traditional Avir. The ancient Chinese also
had similar ideas about water. Watson found the fifth state of water
to be pure radiation - a sort of "shining-ness".
fourth state responds to thought. The fifth "manipulates” the fourth
and "all sorts of implications follow". Incomprehensible references to
water in the New Testament fall into place - for example, why water is
used in baptism or the "water of life", Christ spoke of to the
Samaritan woman ... "Astronomical space” is filled with the fourth
state and, when its balance, is upset by thought it becomes agitated
and converted into vapour; then into water as we know it, "and the
Biblical Deluge can thus be understood” (Glazewski).
twentieth-century chemistry, elements are now held to be transmutable
into other elements, as has been argued by Louis Kervran. So water may
be transmuted into different degrees of substance, and we can observe
this quite well from daily experience. Glazewski guessed that what
Aristotle called "Materia Prima” is really just this fourth state; and
this could account for the firmament of Genesis. The division of the
waters is simply two different levels of frequency.
bodies are also 80% to 90% water - without sufficient of which to
sustain us, we quickly die. "It is strange,” Glazewski notes, "that
it is just at the beginning of the Aquarian Age that these states of
water should have been identified scientifically". This seems to
confirm theology, thus Aquarius is the sign of Air and vibration.
to Glazewski, our thoughts can influence the L field and we can prove
this, because we can, by thought, move, say, a finger. Thought can
imprint the fourth state upon our bodies and produce effects, tensions,
patterns of behaviour and transmit information this way; and resonance
must be the key, the mechanism that carries it out. This accounts for
the power of the mind over matter to a certain extent. And, further,
inevitably, it can effect other bodies and other minds by the same
resonance factor. It is the medium of mental energy and, even, of
suggests that the fifth state corresponds to the concept of sanctifying
Grace of the Christian theologians. This is "brought into being by the
"potentia obedientalis” - obedience to God's power from the human
essence. We know from the mystics that this power is encountered as
brilliant white light. It is pure radiation, glimpsed by Watson as a
"We might suppose", he concludes, "that there will be a sixth and seventh state of water - but we have no evidence of it yet".
states are all octaves in the same way as the L and T fields must be.
We must feel (L field) before we act and think (T field) before we
feel, in order to know what we feel. We do not know exactly how many
octaves or fields there are yet. But, the higher controls the lower
to act without thought - instantaneous though it may seem - and see
what happens. You will probably fall flat on your nose! Plenty of
other modern writers seem to be convinced of this octave structure of
things. Arthur Young, who developed Bell's helicopters in the United
States, worked out a schema of seven levels of seven groupings which he
described in a book called “The Reflexive Universe”.
recounts how, when trying to adapt an aircraft assembly-line for
helicopter production, the engineers found they could not partially
alter or adapt the arrangement of the assembly line which kept on
returning to aircraft parts and "seemed to have a life of its own".
This led him to research what he called "process” and tabulate the
"resistance” shown by a particular set-up to any adaptation. Once
programmed, it had to go on that way.
from what such a discovery might do to Darwin's theory of mutation of
species into other species, Young was finally led to a deep study of
molecular organisation and, eventually, to create a system of
evaluation of different stages of organic development.
Process tends to be what it is. It does not, of itself, become another process.
means of geometrical analysis of tetrahedrons and the relation of
points, lines and planes, (see Gimbel) of these figures, the
pentaverton (his name for a pentagon) and the heptaverton, or
seven-pointed star, he suggested seven levels of manifestation. From
simple molecules to more complex orders, from metals to salts and
hydro-carbons, protein compounds, polymers and polypeptide chains, the
double helix of DNA - seven stages(see Fig.24b, Ch.7); from these, on
to living creatures, single-celled organisms, amoeba etc, to algae,
plants, trees, insects, birds, fishes and small and large animals,
another seven stages. He envisaged, also, first stages in the
prephysical worlds, sub-atomic particles up to whole atoms. Finally, a
seventh stage of seven stages of consciousness, including lesser animal
and, then, human consciousness and that of unknown beings (which he
equated with archangels and even higher beings). Process, he stated,
begins in the cosmos, descends into matter, increasing in physical
complexity to its lowest point. And then it ascends again, liberating
itself from its physical limitations to return whence it came.
climax of this stage is reached, as far as our knowledge goes, in Man.
After being human, we leave the earth and continue on into the next
stage. While quoting Eddington, he makes us think of Plato and that we
are all on the verge of a discovery. But many of his ideas are not
central to my theme. The sub-shells, however, into which he divides
the periodic table, are a new way of analysing its structure and worthy
of consideration, especially in a Fibonacci context.
better-known exponent of a teaching based on octaves of experience,
writing in the middle of the twentieth century, was P D Ouspensky who
emigrated from Russia after the 1917 Revolution and wandered widely
between Paris, New York and London. Having parted from the even
better-known philosopher Gurdieff, he set up schools of his own. His
three books - “Tertium Organum”, “A New Model of the Universe” and “In
Search of the Miraculous” - are filled with "fragments of an unknown
Teaching", the key to which he felt he had never found. Ouspensky lost
most of his valuable library when he was forced out of Russia. So, few
references are given. This makes the fragments he does present to us
even more difficult to assess. However, the central theme of his work
seems to be the Octave nature of the universe.
description of the Law of Octaves, made up of the Law of Three and the
Law of Seven, which produce a spiral, 7-note path in the course of a
vibration or wave. Each segment has a note and, at each end of Herbert
Whone's "places of tightening", between Mi and Fa and between La and
Si, the vibration changes direction, so that, at the end of its journey
it has come back whence it began. This is very difficult to follow and
we have no way of being sure if this is what is actually meant or only
what he could remember from his lost sources. In the same way,
Ouspensky's nomenclature and his numbers are his own, except for his
tables of octaves which display equivalent 256 as the fundamental with
384 as the fifth in every level from 1 to 12288, as will be explained
therewith. Equally, when he talks about atoms he calls them all
hydrogens in different octaves, with carbons, oxygens and nitrogens
appearing in triads which overlap and interlink with each other in a
way he cannot really expain.. His octaves start at the highest point,
of 1, and reduce in sequences of fifths to 8092 and 12288, 12 octaves
down. To Ouspensky, 1 is the Absolute. From out of which or whom all
else comes. 1 is at the top, the starting point. It becomes the note
Do. Within it (like any other overtone series), the octave called the
Ray of Creation exists, each level an interval with its own note and
its own overtones in turn, making more notes etc.
There are 12 triads arranged in such a way that they seem to be
interlocked. They are all in the ratio of octave and fifth to each
Thus a fourth triad will look like the following:
While the fifth will be
A sixth triad would give
... and so on to 12288.
The difference each time is 1.5. All overlap in the same way, the series beginning from 6.
Each row is given a name and a note also in each triad.
They are Mi, Re and Do.
only thing that can be found to say about this series is that the
numbers comprise octave and fifths ratios in every case and they are
all our Hindu cosmic and musical numbers.
is another, even more complex table which, when studied closely,
appears to suggest that all are octave levels with different frequency
which represent different aspects of manifestation relating to the
range of experience of man in physical life.
are numbers that represent food in the physical range and then less
material sorts of food, or nourishment - such as sense impressions,
air, emotions - and then, higher up the range, there are angels and
archangels, the constellations, seraphim etc. Here we are on familiar
ground and it will be easy to assume that Ouspensky is really
describing some system familiar to us already from the Asian or
Christian sources already quoted. One could speculate long. But it
does seem that he is the first to spell out the octave numbers and
nature of the levels of experience of our cosmos.
could be speaking of Harmonics, however, when he writes: "The
fundamental octaves are connected with subordinates or surrounding
octaves in a definite way. Out of subordinate octaves of the first
order, come those of the surrounding order, and so on ... (it) can be
compared with the construction of a tree. From the straight basic
trunk, there come out branches into more branches, becoming smaller and
smaller and (which) are finally covered in leaves. The same process
goes on in the construction of leaves, in the formation of veins, the
serrations, etc.” We would call it subdivision into smaller and
smaller intervals, ending up, perhaps, with the sixty divisions of the
Chinese. He adds that: "Like everything in nature, the human body,
which represents a certain whole, bears both within and without the
same correlations”. According to the number of notes in an octave and
its "intervals", the human body has nine basic measurements, expressed
by the numbers of a definite measure.
individuals, of course, proportions differ considerably but (still)
within certain definite limits (p.135, “In Search of the Miraculous”).
These nine basic measurements, giving a full octave of the first
order, by combining in a certain way, pass into .... subordinate
octaves, etc.” (The figure is quite simple to draw and shows a
harmonic development of each note which is unmistakable.) And, if we
ask "why 9 and not 7?", we need to remember that the Chinese count 9
notes - as are also found in certain other circumstances elsewhere.
Note that the Enneagram has nine points.
this way,” he continues, “ it is possible to obtain the measurements
of any member of any part of the body as they are all in a definite
relationship to each other.” This reads extraordinarily like the
octave arrangements described by Danielou when discussing Hindu
divisions of the octave (53) where intervals are divided into first,
second and third "orders” in which the intervals become smaller every
time a new order appears. It can only really be understood if it is
thought of in terms of harmonics, the "reverberations and echoes of the
sound” activated at the beginning. They are harmonic progressions and
the human body is constructed in the same way. Harmonic progressions
rule in every sphere of activity, as is confirmed by Kayser's analysis
of the harmonic principle discovered, through earthquake research, in
the geological strata of the earth.
writes: "One of the most characteristic phenomena in geology is the
layer-like structure of the inside of the earth. The body of the earth
does not consist of a thin skin and the rest a fluid mass, as was
formerly supposed, but is organised according to its substances, into
distinct levels, quite sharply divided from one another ... different
zones were discovered in the earth's inner strata, where waves were
effected in different ways. If one compares the radii of these zones
with the string-length measurements of the overtone series of the
primary major chord which is also a physical phenomenon, then we obtain
a triadic structure of the earth's inside, in which the measurements of
different layers show a remarkable agreement with the chord numbers.
In this way, the firm crust of the earth falls into the seventh octave
(the work of Creation) and becomes understandable morphologically as
the "condensation” of the rhythms proceeding from that point - the
Earth, one mighty chord!” (“Akroasis”, p.56.) We are finding similar
structures exhibited everywhere.
Fig. 3 Chapter 8- Table All Worlds of Creation
from there, a return to the Absolute - another Do. This is a cyclic
action. (Ouspensky, pp.167-169.) The two "shocks” or intervals
between Si - La and Fa - Mi (Whone's “places of tightening”) are the
points where the spiral changes direction and while the upper one is
not specified as to its content, the lower one (Fa - Mi) is called
"Organic Life on Earth". Without Organic Life, Ouspensky asserts,
there could be "no food for the Moon” - a meaningless concept to us.
vegetation processes energy and releases substances (like oxygen)
through transmutation into finer elements that chemistry does not yet
know of, that in some sense, the moon does use. We have to remind
ourselves of all the frequencies we as yet know not of, that can be
operating in ways undetectable.
it possible that there could be life-forms on the moon or on the other
planets, that we cannot observe and do not know exist? Man's existence,
says Ouspensky, vibrates in the harmonics and Octave of Mi; the Moon
vibrates Re so its activity is cut off from ours. An interesting link
could be forged between the Re of the Moon and the Gregorian chant used
at Chartres Cathedral which starts on Re, according to Charpentier.
The Cathedral is dedicated to the Virgin; the female is the passive,
moon principle. One tower of the Cathedral is said to be
representative of the Moon, the other of the Sun; and Sun and Moon are
active and passive or receptive, principles. The function of the Moon
is perhaps hidden from us, as is concealed the feminine wisdom and
intuition. It is an intriguing idea that there could be life on the
Moon that we are simply unable to perceive. However, Ouspensky holds
that the Moon has no life, in that sense, so the probability must be
the second "shock” in the octave, we are not told what happens.
Perhaps this is where we encounter certain kinds of discarnate beings
and our own psychic experiences? It is perhaps useless to speculate at
this stage. The next researcher into levels must be T C Lethbridge who
carried out many archaeological explorations under the aegis of
Cambridge University and made 2 or 3 Arctic trips by ship, doing
various research projects. His work is well documented. But his most
intriguing activities were probably those he undertook after retirement
when he returned to live in Devonshire (where his family came from).
By one event or another, he became interested in the operation of that
small - but, at that time, the 1950s, still much-maligned - instrument,
the pendulum. What Lethbridge discovered was quite staggering.
pendulum, for those who do not know, has been used for centuries by
country people for finding underground water-systems. Today it is used
by prospectors for locating mineral deposits and, even, oil wells.
Every dowser will evolve his own methods of using the pendulum or
divining rods of one sort or another. What Lethbridge did was rather
began by using it to find lost objects - say, something hidden in a
cupboard or in an outhouse whose location had been forgotten. Further
experiment showed that it could detect many things, both tangible or
intangible, answer questions that required a straight Yes or No, and
react to concepts visualised in the dowser's mind. It is obviously
this last particularity that the sceptics and its detractors did not
want to acknowledge.
experiments are described in several books and they led him to discover
what he called his "compass rose of rates” which he later found to be
a "spiral of rates” in that sense (see Fig.6 Ch3).
he thought about or visualised something, if it was material, he held a
similar sample in his one hand and the pendulum, suspended on the
appropriate length of thread in the other and swung it gently. At a
certain length of the thread, it would either oscillate or go into a
gyration. This process became more certain if he used his
pointing-finger and outstretched arm in the direction in which he was
looking for the object sought. In such a way, if he visualised "iron”
and swept his pointing-finger across a front, at the point where it
crossed a path to the place where an "iron” object was, say, buried in
the ground, the pendulum would gyrate. Sometimes he would use two or
three positions round a circle as "markers” for easier verification.
If he dug at the spot, he would find, say, a nail or a forgotten
mole-trap. Similar results could be obtained indoors over a map. This
is something that is done by many dowsers and cannot be disputed.
length of the thread at which the pendulum reacted became the "rate”
for the object sought - say, 29 inches for gold, 20 inches for white,
32 for iron, 14 for oak, etc. Any concept in no wise "physical” -
emotions, mental abstractions, qualities, anything for which language
has a description - could produce a rate on the pendulum compass rose.
There are rates for anger, joy, old age, youth, heat, cold, east,
west, green, blue, sleep, spring, evolution, etc. There is no limit to
what can be detected with the pendulum. Every living thing, animal,
vegetable and mineral has a pendulum rate. Nothing has been left out.
being a cautious and careful researcher, never jumped to conclusions.
He had several co-researchers who, he reported, got the same results
as he did. Nevertheless, for reasons as yet not understood, for a few
people, the pendulum behaved differently. This is another
stumbling-block for scientists who like to have everything repeatable,
in all circumstances, and seem to feel uneasy in front of any
aberration. To other researchers, however, such discrepancies are a
stimulus to further endeavour and Lethbridge was of this view. But he
never made claims and only reported what he found. If he was not
satisfied with what he had discovered, he did not try to explain it.
gyrations, the pendulum would oscillate. This oscillation indicated an
opposite answer to the gyration but, sometimes, it was not clear what
was intended. He speculated a long time as to what could be going on
and wondered if some "ray” could be involved. He came close to the
idea of harmonics in his book “A Step in The Dark” which describes
this phase of his work. He remembered that the Greeks had said the
universe was made up of music or harmonics. I cannot help feeling
that, if he had known of Kayser, who died 10 years before he did,
Lethbridge could have clarified a lot of obscurities that he otherwise
was unable to explain.
do seem to offer a very strong possibility for accounting the
operations of the pendulum, on the basis of harmony or discord between
vibrations emitted between the seeker and the object sought. The
reactive agent between two vibrations is the pendulum. No complicated
"rays” are needed. On the principle of harmonic resonance, 2 rates
the same will cause the pendulum to gyrate since, being the same, they
meet and inhabit or stop one another. Energy cannot pass. In the same
way, two discordant vibrations will have the same effect, but two rates
which are in harmony, say value of C - G, in harmonic accord, the
pendulum will oscillate happily between them because it is not
inhibited, and they enhance one another. On such a basis, a whole
pendulum harmonical explanation can be built up and the rates seen as
notes and the reactions seen as agreement (harmony) or disagreement
between intervals. It is intriguing that the rate for male is 24
inches and that for female it is 29 inches; gold is 29 inches and
proposed a neat theory about these 2 rates for the pendulum,
apparently, oscillates smoothly between them. Male and female belong
together. Perhaps 24 and 29 are two notes, say C and E, and they form
a chord, each enhancing the other and both happy. And if, to carry the
analogy a little further, it is the right combination, on another
level, if they oscillate together, then it will be the "right” male and
female combination and, if they don't, it will be best to end the
relationship. (Perhaps the pendulum could be a good guide in choosing
a marriage partner!) Lethbridge had even more to say about the
hardness of diamond and pliable feminine character of gold. His
conclusions, too long to quote, are in complete accord with cosmology.
The compass zone is divided into 4 quarters at 10, 20, 30 and 40 inches.
Correspondences lie at these quarters:
And these "four quarters” remind us of the four directions of China,
the four elements of the Hindus and the quarternary of Greece and
Europe. Of course, Lethbridge found only comparatively few rates and
many more wait to be discovered. But, already, a format is emerging, a
basis of some much more elaborate scheme of classification, as he
himself believed. And a compelling comparison is found in Danielou's
work, in the Chinese Trigrams and fixed tables of notes for everything
to which it is possible to give a name. The Chinese tables strikingly
resemble the Pendulum compass-rose. That a retired English
archaeologist should have discovered such a comprehensive scheme - in a
Devonshire garden in the 1960s, with a pendulum - is truly astonishing!
findings cannot be brushed aside. (See Figs: 5.a and b., and 6. a and
b; and 7.) There are even numbers and very obvious "correspondences”
on the compass rose, where "opposites” are balanced across the circle
like any zodiac layout. Thus we get: -
27 inches = Thought, stink
7 inches = Memory, scent
32” = Health, Iron
12” = Disease, carbon
7.5” = Sulphur
27.5” = Oxygen, etc.
36” = Evolution
16” = Dung
In Nature, without Dung there can be no life, no evolution. This is
astonishing, by any standards, and will appear more so today, in our
chemically-drenched environment. A number of other probable
cross-references are given, but their correspondences have not yet
appeared. They await workers in the field. But we find indeed that,
in the periodic table, Oxygen at 8 and Sulphur at 16 are in an octave
relationship while, not opposite Carbon 12 on the compass-rose but at
the quarter, we get Sodium 22, calcium and lead while, at 22.5, we get
are opposites, which create stops and balances. Affinities are
harmonies which produce chords which enhance the parties involved.
Correspondences cancel each other out. Nature needs to stabilise
herself in all her operations so that nothing dies out and nothing gets
out of control. The regulation mechanisms of the biosphere appear to
be built in.
is a great deal going on of which we are, as yet, ignorant and unaware.
But here, at least, we do have the "bones” of some plan. We need to
find out a lot more.
is something intriguing about the idea that male and female rates might
be notes in a chord that resonate in tune together. And all kinds of
similar combinations might be found in Nature. The theory of Companion
Plants, a basic concept of Anthroposophy, where the right plants
growing in company will help each other to grow and inhibit predators,
could be explained on this musical hypothesis. For, if the pendulum
rates are notes, then the compasrose is a spiral and on the same
vibratory principle as the Chinese spiral of fifths. Within this
spiral octave, notes will group themselves in chords which will vibrate
happily together; whilst those that meet discordantly, because of wrong
ratios, will not do so. In the case of the dowser, the mediator is his
brain and the tool he uses is a pendulum.
principle of resonance must help to round out this argument. Every
object emits its own frequency, on both physical and pre-physical
levels, between atoms and molecules which affect each other as physical
sensations and, also, on the higher consciousness octave where
"signals” are passed, relating to concepts of the things signalled.
Resonance links the several octaves and we get the physical results.
I believe that harmonics offers a complete and satisfactory
explanation of much that is called extra-sensory and which we otherwise
we can turn to Danielou to confirm the Hindu view. On p.143 of “The
Introduction”, he says: "... the different aspects of the perceptible
world are parallel manifestations starting from undifferentiated common
principles ... There are ... natural and irresistible correspondences
between different aspects of manifestation and one can easily, starting
from one particular aspect, reach or evoke corresponding stages in
other aspects. According to this principle, notes and chords must have
exact equivalents in music with other aspects and in every category of
existence.” He continues: "Only the knowledge of such correspondences
can allow us to understand the real meaning of sounds or use them
rationally as a means of evocation.” Notice the use of the word
"evoke” - to call up, to visualise, to relate - or to resonate
together? On this basis, every thought-form and every concept has its
physical counterpart or presence and everything has its balancing
correspondence. The equilibrium of forces must be maintained.
Otherwise, if equilibrium is lost - and, since any momentum always
tends to spiral outwards, like a tornado, unless it is restrained - it
will soon become a spinning vortex and eventually explode. This is
what the tornado does, leaving a trail of havoc in its wake, until it
eventually dissipates and dies out. And this is the reason, built-in
in Nature, why we find, in the atom, degrees of left- and right-hand
spin, as we have already said.
The earth is a spinning ball in a spinning galaxy, pursuing a spiral path across the heavens.
Every so-many thousand years, it comes back - almost, but not quite, to the same place.
ever exactly repeats itself, except by a relatively-near miss. Even in
space, it is reported that galaxies spin in one direction or another.
It is a balance of sorts. The only thing we do not know is how it is
pendulum rates must be notes in that particular octave. Thought-forms
are in their own octave and all the different levels are in their own
the physical forms we see are bundles of energy quanta within the Light
Spectrum vibrating - in ways that look like plants, people, bees, cows,
hummingbirds, crocodiles, pampas-grass, rushing water, rocks, glaciers,
seaweed, waves, butterflies, cowslips, oaks, palm-trees, dolphins,
crabs, the leaves that appear in the spring, the flowers that bloom and
the fruits that set seeds.
the images in our minds that we carry of things seen are reciprocal
octaves at faster-resonating frequencies and shorter that we can thus
accommodate in our "mind's eye".
see the same form inwardly as we saw outside. The archetype is the
mental form of an idea in the mind of which the physical form created
is a copy, as any artist can testify. Yet both have a real and
Fig. 4a, 4b Chapter 8- Pendulum Spiral of Lethbridge
C. Lethbridge found that his compass-rose was also a spiral and, if
he laid all his rates, by string-length out in a circle, he got a
perfect Archimedean spiral whose angle of slope could easily be
calculated. This gives added weight to the spiral nature of the
octave. The rates are intervals within that octave and it should be
possible to find them by virtue of their position round the circle.
Lethbridge found 2 or possibly 3 more "whorls” of his spiral of
rates, each with 40 inches added to the length of the string. So, what
came at 17 inches on the first whorl was found at 57 on the next and 97
on the third, or 3, 43 and 83, or 16, 56 and 96 etc everything was
repeated in the same place, one whorl further on. He then found that
the second whorl did not come exactly above the first but to one side
of it, in a complicated relationship plotted in. This is reminiscent
of certain contentions made by people who have had "out of the body”
experiences. Often in cases of severe illness, they have found
themselves hovering above their bodies which are lying on the bed,
while they, themselves, seem to be above - but to one side. On the
principle of our harmonic spiral interval organisation between octaves,
in the cycle of fifths, where one level is "cut off” from the one
below; and, of the refraction of reflection of an object inserted into
water which appears to be bent beyond the point of insertion, there
should be no problem in interpreting these pendulum findings.
found some strange anomalies on the three whorls, concerning time, and
he puzzled as to what they could mean. On the first spiral, we get no
rate for Time at all. But, on the second one, it comes in at 60, i.e.
40 + 20, the spoke that gives South, Earth, Heat, Life, etc. On the
third whorl, he could not find it either. Lethbridge suggests that, on
the first whorl, it does not exist because, in our physically
restricted state, we are not aware of it (although we think we are!) We
cannot "catch it” because it seems always to be running away from us -
and, therefore, it offers no resistance to the pendulum. It is perhaps
because, in the physical range, we are involved in an ongoing
development. On the second whorl, we can contact it because it is not
moving away from us so it offers resistance like anything else.
do not know what Time concepts will be on the next level. On the third
whorl, he again could not find it, but he did not speculate on what
that could mean. He just reported what he found and never claimed
made many odd discoveries which still await scientific explanation.
But it must now be impossible to dismiss the pendulum rates and their
correspondence with so many old established beliefs. There must be a
Chinese system suggests strongly that all correspondences and
visualisations in the mind are pre-existent, universal concepts with
permanent frequencies or "notes” of their own which are constant.
Lethbridge has confirmed completely such logical arrangements of the rates in many cases.
of species have both their family and personal rates and, in nature,
those organisms whose life-styles impinge on others and are dependent
on other species also have the same rates. Thus, truffles have one
rate, and the beech trees beneath which the truffles grow have, besides
a rate for beech, a rate for truffles too. And the truffle-beetle that
lives off the fungus has the same rate as the beech tree. This fact
has implications far and wide (as will be discussed in a later Chapter).
do not know why the pendulum spiral is a circle of string-lengths to 40
inches. The inch, according to John Michell and Professor Thom, can be
shown to be a "cosmic” measure, against the cubit or the Egyptian
remen. And the number 40 is found in the Bible in a number of
connections. There were 40 days in the Wilderness and we have 40 days
in Lent. But, whatever the 40 inches signify, the spiral rises as an
Archimedean one, at an angle of 1.5.